Who Won the Nobel Prize this Year?
By Cyril D. Boateng, PhD
Last week the scientific community was abuzz with the winners of the most prestigious awards in the sciences. If you have not been keeping track, do not fret. We have compiled a list of all the announcements.
The Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institutet awarded the 2021 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine jointly to David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian “for their discoveries of receptors for temperature and touch.”
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences awarded the 2021 Nobel Prize in Physics “for groundbreaking contributions to our understanding of complex physical systems” with one half jointly to Syukuro Manabe and Klaus Hasselmann “for the physical modelling of Earth’s climate, quantifying variability and reliably predicting global warming” and the other half to Giorgio Parisi “for the discovery of the interplay of disorder and fluctuations in physical systems from atomic to planetary scales.”
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences awarded the 2021 Nobel Prize in Chemistry to Benjamin List and David W.C. MacMillan “for the development of asymmetric organocatalysis.”
For further details, go to https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/ .
What are the Nobel Prizes?
The Nobel Prizes are named after Alfred Nobel, a Swedish scientist, engineer and industrialist. He is most famous for inventing dynamite. Alfred was born in Sweden in 1833, fluent in multiple languages and had a wide variety of interests. He died in 1896 and gave most of his assets to the establishment of five awards which later became known as the Nobel Prizes. In his will, he wrote “that much of his fortune was to be used to give prizes to those who have done their best for humanity in the field of physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature and peace”. The Prizes reflect his varied interests. The award includes $1.1 million per prize. At ceremonies held in Stockholm, the awardees are given three things, a diploma, a medal and a document confirming the Prize amount.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author, and they do not purport to reflect the policies, opinions, or views of the AfroScience Network platform.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Cyril is a lecturer, research scientist and science communicator. He holds a PhD in Solid Earth Physics and is the founder and Managing Editor of AfroScience Network. Cyril is passionate about STEM education, training scientists and communicating science to the general public.
This article has not been submitted, published or featured in any formal publications, including books, journals, newspapers, magazines or websites.